This action research is concerned with the perceptions of students in using the classroom website in learning English as a second language. Stephen Krashen (1985), an educator in second language acquisition, argues that learners acquire language best when they are given comprehensive input. Howard Gardner (1983), another educational theorist, proposes the theory of Multiple Intelligences and argues that if teaching is flexible and pays attention to the range of intelligences, more students will gain a better understanding of what is being taught. Now, the virtual developments are linked in the Worldwide Web that would enhance opportunities to help learners understand from a diverse environment.
Globally, the teaching with the use of technology is the virtual innovation that teachers can do in school. They can collaboratively create classroom websites to be used in teaching and learning without the use of programming language for free using the free sub-domain. Students can browse the sites using the desktops, laptops, tablets, e-notebooks, and mobile phones. European teachers have developed their classroom websites, likewise American teachers have also utilized their classroom websites in teaching the 21st century learners.
The Department of Education has issued a DepEd Memo 143, s. 2017 to encourage teachers to use ICT in teaching, learning, and governance. All schools are informed that there will be national and regional DepEd ICT Summits to showcase the best ICT practices in the Philippine schools. A classroom website can be one of the best ICT innovations and practices.
The creation-and-editing of the classroom websites is very simple. The teachers can just click, hold, and drag or drop the selected image or text and the design will automatically rearrange with a grid layout. Everything really fits into the best place of your webpage.
This action research is designed to assess the classroom navigational menus to be used that might have better impact to the K-12-21st century learners when educators are using their classroom websites. And then, this study is designed to further examine the students’ perceptions in using classroom website/s in learning English subject. So, the researcher develops and adapts specific questions, parameters, variables and criteria to be used in getting students’ perceptions. The classroom website and its contents will be examined based on the questionnaire. The design of the website depends on the individual teacher’s personal preferences. Anyway, this research will only examine the students’ perceptions in using the elements of the classroom website/s that might have a better impact to students’ learning.
The classroom website is easy to develop by a teacher or teachers. And such innovation helps the teacher in improving his/her approaches to teaching and learning English language. This link:https://sites.google.com/deped.gov.ph/reading-writing is a prototype sample website which is developed by the teacher, that could easily be done, maintained, and managed by teachers, master teachers, and education specialists.
The public secondary schools in Dalaguete districts 1 and 2 are offering the core subjects of the senior high school curriculum. Most of these subjects need the classroom website/s. Any subject teacher can create a classroom website. This is to support the teaching approaches of the teacher. Lessons, activities, portfolios, projects, downloadable instructional materials and many more can be uploaded by teachers and downloaded by the students anytime. The 21st century teachers can develop a simple classroom website for their students and they are precisely challenged by the technology in the modern world. In the secondary schools of Dalaguete districts, only few teachers have developed their classroom websites. The researcher believes that those teachers with classroom websites are TLE and TVL teachers handling Computer Technology and Empowerment Technology subjects and few from the English department. This protype school based innovation such as the Classroom Website @ https://sites.google.com/deped.gov.ph/reading-writing has been developed by the teacher to be used in the study. The web developer designs the navigational elements like the Detailed Lesson Plans, Vocabs & Pronunciation, eTranslator, Type & Listen, Linked Videos, Online Slides, Activities, Online Quizzes, Assessments, Downloads, Uploads, Researches and Linked Websites. The teacher has uploaded his Detailed Lesson Plan/s to guide his students during the classroom activities. He has linked other websites for vocabulary and pronunciation wherein the students can type the unfamiliar words, then read the meanings of those words. In addition, the students can also hear the correct pronunciation of those words by clicking the Speaker icon. The teacher has also linked the eTranslator website wherein the students can type their statements inside the text box and then click the Translate icon to view the computer-generated translation. Another navigational element, which is very much useful to learning English language, is the Type and Listen. The teacher has linked the website to utilize its function wherein the students can type more paragraphs and then listen to the computer-generated pronunciation of words from native English speakers. The teacher has used Linked Videos from Youtube.com to link the videos for speech improvements. Another element the teacher has developed is the Online Slides-webpage wherein all localized contents are properly presented using online slide presentations. The developer has also designed a navigational webpage for the students’ set of activities of the day. The teacher has developed the Online Quizzes – webpage to assess the students’ learning based from the topics presented via electronic presentations. Another navigational element is the Assessment which is used by the teacher to assess the students’ perceptions in learning the language through online survey. Downloads and Uploads navigational options are also designed by the teacher to let the students download the Exercise Activity Sheets and or Performance Tasks for the day and let the students upload their completed outputs using the Upload generator icon in the classroom website. But, to develop a classroom website takes time, efforts, and commitment. And this virtual innovation leads to certain perceptions of students in using the classroom website/s in learning English language. For the purpose of assessing students’ perceptions, the researcher develops this prototype classroom website: https://sites.google.com/deped.gov.ph/reading-writing as a sample site to be used in the study.
This study is anchored from Piaget’s Theory of Constructivism, Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experience, John Dewey’s Theory of Learning, and Dr. Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences. And this is strengthened by the Department of Education through DepEd Memo 143, s. 2017 for ICT Best Practices and (DepEd Order No. 43, s. 2015), as amended by (DepEd Order No 4, s. 2016)then, repealed by (DepEd Order No. 16, s. 2017) in which this action research is precisely in relation to the Research Agenda Category: Teaching and Learning. (see Figure 1) Read more here...
Fig. 1 Theoretical-Conceptual Framework of the Study