According to the book of Belinda R. Anido et. al., Music and Arts of Asia Learner's Module of DepEd that India's classical music tradition includes Carnatic and Hidustani music which have developed over many centuries. Music of India also includes several types of folk and popular music. One aspect of vocal music uses melismatic singing with nasal vocal quality, when compared with the Philippine music which uses melismatic singing is only used in chanting epics and the 'pasyon'.
Singing based on a set of pitches was popular even during the Vedic times. samagana style of singing developed into a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, becoming an established part of contemporary tradition in India. The hymns in Sama Veda, a sacred text, were sung as samagana and not chanted. Sama Veda is the third of the four Vedas of Hinduism but ranks next to Rig Veda (Rigveda) in terms of its sanctity and liturgical importance.
Video link of Sama Veda from youtube.com
Video link of Rig Veda from youtube.com
Rig Veda is also sung in the samagana traditional singing style. Because of its liturgical importance, Rig Veda is counted as first among the four canonical sacred texts of Hinduism known as Vedas. Rig Veda is an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. Some of its verses are still recited as Hindu prayers at religious functions and other occasions.
Characteristics of Traditional Music from India
Carnatic Music refers to music from South India; It is directed to a Hindu god, which is why it is called "temple music"; Unlike Hindustani music, Carnatic music is unified where schools are based on the same ragas, the same solo instruments (veena, flute, violin) and the same rhythm intrument (Mridangam and Ghatam); Its music pieces are maily set for the voice and with lyrics; Its compositions called Krti are devotional songs
* goes back to Vedic period times around 1,000 BC; * further developed in the 13th and 14th centuries AD with Persian influences and from existing religious and folk music; * predominantly found in the northern and central regions; * influenced by ancient Hindu musical traditions, historical Vedic region/Vedic philosophy, native Indian sounds and enriched by the Persian performance practices of the Mughal era; * nasal singing is observed in their vocal music; * in North India, the most common style of singing is called Khyal, a word which means "imagination"
There are many musical instruments in India. Some instruments are used primarily in North Indian music (Hindustani Sangeet) while many other instruments are used in South Indian music (Carnatic Sangeet). Instrumental music is often similar to vocal music but sometimes they have distinctive instrumental styles. There are five known traditional systems for classification of instruments.
Classification of Musical Instruments from India
1. Ghan-described as a non-membranous percussive instrument but with solid resonators. It is one of the oldest classes of instrument in India. It may also be a melodic instrument or instruments to keep Tal.
2. Avanaddh-described as a membranous percussive instrument. This class of instruments typically comprise the drums.
3. Sushir-also known as "blown air." It is characterized by the use of air to excite the various resonators.