Participating in indoor recreational activities is important for a child's development because it can lay a foundation for a healthy life. Playing Chess is a good mental and physical activity for children. It develops physical body movement and coordination; encourages self-esteem; foster social interaction skills; improves thinking skills; and emotional skills. Moreover, family relationship can be enhanced when the family has something worthwhile to do altogether. This lesson encompasses the basic principles and ideas about chess as one indoor recreational activity. It will lead you to understand the nature/background of the game Chess and the benefits derived from playing it. This will help you become a better player while learning the basic skills in playing it.
Brief History of Chess
Chess is a game that has been played for centuries and was thought to have originated in India in the 15th century. Long ago, it was considered a game reserved only for kings and members of the upper classes. Nowadays, Chess is played by common people even at an early age. The modern design of Chess pieces bears the name Staunton, who was an English Chess master in the mid-1800s. These are the type of pieces that are now used in all tournaments worldwide. The first international Chess tournament was the London Tourney played in 1851. A German named Adolf Anderssen won the game. He became the unofficial best Chess player of the world because he did not receive any award or title. The first great American-born Chess player is Paul Morphy. He traveled to Europe in the 1850s where he beat all challengers including Adolf Anderssen. However, the English champion of the time (Staunton) refused to play with him, so Morphy never became a world Chess champion. The first official championship of chess tournament was played in 1866 in London, with sand clocks to restrict the length of a game. A Bohemian (Czechoslovakian) Jew named Steinitz won the game. He became the world's first official Chess champion, holding this title until 1894. Recently, Russia dominates the game of Chess. This results from the establishment of government schools for talented Chess players after the communist revolution in 1917. Since 1927, many of the top world Chess players have been citizens of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), including; Tal, Alekhine, Petrosian, Spassky, Smyslov, Anatoli Karpov, and Gary Kasparov.
References and my Acknowledgement:
pages 117, 119, 127 and 128 Physical Education and Health * Learner's Module in Grade 8 of DepEd Philippines-Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (DepEd-IMCS) First Edition, 2013; ISBN: 978-971-9990-78-9; Published by: DepEd; Secretary: Hon. Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC; Undersecretary: Yolanda S. Quijano, PH.D; Consultants: Prof. Larry A. Gabao et al.; Authors: Renator P. Benavinte et al.; Editor: Liberty A. Mangaluz; Reviewers: Evangeline Aman et. al.; Illustrator and Layout Artist: Aimee Kanoa and Marie T. Cortes; Subject Specialists: Jerry F. Crausus et. al.; and Management Team: Lolita M. Andrada et.al. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chess https://www.google.com.ph/
The King is the most important Chess piece; however it is also considered one of the weakest. The King only moves one square in any direction - up, down, to the sides, and diagonal. The King may never move itself into a check where it could be captured.
The Queen is the most powerful piece. It moves in any one straight direction - forward, backward, sideways, or diagonal. As all the other pieces, except the Knight, it cannot move over any intervening piece.
The Rook may move to any square as far as it wants, but only forward, backward, and to the sides. The Rooks are particularly powerful pieces when they are protecting each other and working together.
The Bishop may move as far as it wants, but only in diagonal. Each Bishop starts on one color (light or dark) and must always stay on that color. Bishops work well together because they cover up each other's weaknesses.
The Knight moves by going two squares in one direction, and then one more move just like an "L" shape. Knights are the only pieces that can move over other pieces.
The Pawn moves forward, but captures diagonally. It can never move backwards. On its first move, the Pawn can advance two squares at a time. Succeeding moves will be one square at a time. Take note, that X represents the move for capturing opponent's piece.
Castling - a move of the King and or either Rook of the same color along the player's first row. On a player's turn, he may move his King two squares over to one side and then move the Rook from the side's corner on the square next to the King.
Check - is the result of a move that places the opposing King under an immediate threat of capture by one or sometimes two of the opponent's pieces.
Checkmate - is a situation in which one player's King is threatened with capture (in check) having no move to avoid that threat, thus, ending the game.
Chess - a board game for two players, each beginning with 16 pieces of six kinds that are moved according to individual rules, with the objective of checkmating the opposing King.
Draw - a chess game where nobody ends as a winner
En Passant - is a special Pawn capture which can occur immediately after a player moves a Pawn two squares forward from its starting position and an enemy Pawn could have captured it had it moved only one square forward. The opponent captures the just-moved Pawn as if taking it "as it passes" through the first square. The resulting position is the same as if the Pawn had moved only one square forward and the enemy Pawn had captured normally.
Promotion - is a special ability of a Pawn wherein if it reaches the last row of the other side of the board, it can become any other Chess piece except the King.