Keywords: Information and Communications Technology (ICT); DepEd Dalaguete NHS E-Classroom;Descriptive Research; Poblacion, Dalaguete, Cebu, Philippines
E-Classroom is a design of e-learning that connects Generation Y in global communities. This study assessed the status of implementation and acceptance of existing E-Classroom for teachers and Grade 10 students at Dalaguete National High School, SY 2015-2016 as basis for the proposed Enhanced E-Classroom Model. This study employed a descriptive survey with 31.25% teachers and 30% Grade 10 students. Descriptive statistics were utilized to analyze the data. Research findings revealed more female students (72%) among Grade 10 students and more female teachers (72%) compared to male respondents. Half of the teachers (50%) were SST 1 and 46.67% were granted with the Certificate of Proficiency in the master’s degree. Most of the teachers (73.33%) received school – based municipal training and majority of the teacher respondents indicated utilization of ICT devices in their teaching – learning process. The study also showed that the existing E-Classroom of Dalaguete NHS was a good model and had less technical problems but the lack of some important facilities and equipment, hardware and software hamper success in the implementation of the DepEd Computerization Program. However, the school’s E-Classroom resources are not restricted solely to the procurement or acquisition of equipment and technology but also to teachers who played important role in the implementation. Professional development programs such as trainings, seminars and workshops vis-à-vis to E-Classroom are substantially necessary in order to support teachers' competencies on current and emerging technologies. Thus, it was recommended to adopt the proposed Enhanced E-Classroom Model for Junior High School.
Program: Graduate School-Thesis Writing Research started: November 2015 Research completed: March 2016
SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION and RECOMMENDATIONS
The summary of facts indicated with the exact statistical results to prove validity and reliability; findings were just manifestations of respondents; conclusion and recommendations were just responses of researcher’s scholarly works.
The main purpose of the study was to assess the existing E-Classroom of Dalaguete National High School, Poblacion, Dalaguete, Cebu as the basis for the Enhanced E-Classroom Model training program and the procurement of materials, equipment, hardware and software components to be used by teachers in the delivery of their computer assisted instructions. The study sought to answer questions regarding to the information of students and teachers; to the teachers’ computer literacy level of trainings, their educational attainment, and their years of teaching experience using ICT devices. The teacher respondents were asked regarding to the school’s E-Classroom resources, such as, facilities and equipment; hardware accessibility; and software accessibility. They were also opted to answer questions pertaining to the perceived status of E-Classroom at Dalaguete National High School in terms of: students’ and teachers’ attitudes towards computer assisted instruction; technology and system supports; and students’ as well as teachers’ competency levels in using E-Classroom. The teacher respondents were also opted to answer concerning to the issues and challenges met by them and the needed trainings that can help them in the implementation of E-Classroom.
Finally, based on the data gathered, the suggested training program for teacher respondents was preferred by the researcher and he prepared the necessary forms and documents to support the teachers’ need for training and the needed Output of the Study for the procurement of ICT devices.
Based on the gathered data and after the application of the statistical treatment, the following findings were:
Information Related to Respondents
Research findings revealed more female students (72%) among Grade 10 students and more female teachers (72%) compared to male respondents. Half of the teachers (50%) were Secondary School Teacher 1; (23.33%) were Secondary School Teacher 3; (16.67%) were Master Teacher 1 and (10%) were Secondary School Teacher 2. Most of the teachers (73.33%) received school – based municipal training; (16.67%) received the national certificates and only (3.33%) received an international certificate which was obtained by the Master Teacher 1. Half of the teacher respondents (50.00%) graduated in the bachelor’s degree and almost half of the teachers (46.67%) were granted with the Certificate of Proficiency in the master’s degree. Only (36.67%) of teacher respondents who had utilized ICT devices in just two (2) years and majority of the teacher respondents indicated utilization of ICT devices in their teaching – learning process.
Majority of the respondents revealed lack of facilities and equipment such as comfort room, tool cabinet, fire extinguishers, support service area, waste disposal area, quality control area, learning resource area, contextual area, distance learning area, and door grills. The respondents also revealed that they never used ICT devices such head-sets with microphones, amplifier with a sound box, scanner, 48-60 inch TV set, interactive white board, CCTV system unit and cameras. The respondents also claimed that they never accessed the software installed in the system such as Windows Multi-point Server 2011, Windows Server 2008R, Microsoft Net Support School Applications, Microsoft Publisher, Microsoft Database, Photoshop portable, Lexmark Software, N Computing v Space, Net Support Tutor, Realtek High Definition Audio Driver and VLC Media Player.
Perceived Status of E-Classroom at Dalaguete National High School
Generally, both the teacher and student respondents claimed uncertainties on the perceived status of E-Classroom at Dalaguete NHS. Although some respondents indicated moderate competency or average and sufficient qualities, skills and abilities on basic computer literacy, the result indicated inability to use E-Classroom as the reason why computer assisted instructions were not preferred. This would imply for proper familiarization of the software installed in the system and this would suggest for the actualization of these software. The respondents also moderately agreed towards E-Classroom technology and system supports with a weighted mean of 3.58. This means that system units and technological devices were updated regularly by means of electronic data updates and through manual maintenance of the personnel. The conditions of the E-Classroom technological devices, system units and its manuals were moderately accessible or teacher respondents were moderately amenable to statements pertaining to the technological and system supports.
Generally, teacher respondents were moderately competent with an average mean of 1.91 but the student respondents were less competent in the use of E-Classroom as indicated in the study with an average weighted mean of 1.43. This means that student respondents had little or few qualities, skills and abilities in the use of E-Classroom equipment and its software. Based on this finding, there were negative effects of the competencies set for the computer assisted instruction using the Net Support School at E-Classroom.
Issues and Challenges Met in the Implementation of E-Classroom
A group of teacher respondents claimed that some of the stated issues and challenges were considered as their minor obstacles or they were slightly bothered with the stated issues and challenges. Among the top five (5) ranks were the following: rank 1 “Lack of amplifier and sound box” with a weighted mean of 2.70; rank 2, “Existing E-Classroom has no 48 to 60 inch LED television set” with 2.67; rank 3, “Lack of technological ‘know-how’ of Server and Sub-Host PC operational procedures” with 2.63; rank 4, “Existing E-Classroom has no electronic whiteboard” with 2.60; and rank 5, “Limited access of the Multi-media projector” with the weighted mean of 2.60.
Needed Trainings for Teachers
The study found out that the teachers had a strong desire for the integration of ICT into education but they encountered many barriers to it. The major barriers were the lack of access to resources and lack of technological “know- how” such as Net Support manipulation, lecture recording, Power Point with audio narration, video podcasting, and E-Portfolio creation. According to Bigimlas, et. al. (2009), competence and accessibility had been found to be critical components for technology integration in schools using ICT resources including software and hardware, effective professional development, sufficient time, and technical support which are needed and to be provided for teachers.
This is the descriptive study that shows the existing status of E-Classroom of Dalaguete National High School which is under the implementation of DepEd Computerization Program (DCP). The study further assessed the utilization of ICT resources, facilities; hardware and software components. Respondents’ attitudes and their competency level in using the hardware and software components were also included in the study in order to substantiate the proposed Enhanced E-Classroom Model for Junior High School. The teachers’ years of teaching experience with the use of ICT devices could really help them in their computer assisted instruction, however based on findings that there were 36.67% of teacher respondents who had the teaching experience with the span of only two years. And it was verified that there were lacking facilities, resources and equipment such as comfort room, tool cabinet, support service area, fire extinguishers and emergency exits. Furthermore, few of ICT devices were not accessible at the existing E-Classroom and the respondents claimed they never accessed the software in any occasion, that this is a substantial cause when they claimed uncertainties in the utilization of the computer assisted instructions. But since, the teacher respondents were moderately amenable to the technology and system supports, these manifestations corroborated to the finding that they were moderately competent in using the E-Classroom equipment and its software. Therefore, the main conclusion of the researcher states that lack of needed ICT resources; facilities; equipment; hardware and software components hamper the implementation of E-Classroom in the Dalaguete National High School. The researcher further concluded that the teacher respondents should need the relevant trainings specifically in the Net Support School Application features. The researcher believed that this proposed Enhanced E-Classroom Model would be a better benchmark for other national high schools so that junior and senior high school students become competitive enough and ready for the ASEAN Integration. The researcher strongly believed that the number of K to 12 teachers and students using E-Classroom in the Philippines would really be increasing and that pedagogy would not only limit inside E-Classroom but it would become a global link of experiences.
Based from the findings of the study, it is recommended for:
DepEd Dalaguete National High School may accept the proposed Enhanced E-Classroom Model for Junior High School and try to enhance the E-Classroom.
Dalaguete NHS may approve the teachers’ refresher trainings, seminars, and workshops on the application of the Net Support School Features and Windows Multi-point Server 2011 so that teachers would actualize and strengthen the level of their competencies pertaining to the computer assisted instructions. And the school may allow the E-Classroom-in-Charge to build an official website for E-Classroom department.
The Parent Teacher Association (PTA) may extend their financial supports to enhance the E-Classroom of the school.
The Local Government Units (LGUs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) may allocate funds for the renovation of the existing E-Classroom intended for the purpose.
It is highly recommended that the proposed Enhanced E-Classroom Model for Junior High School be adopted at Dalaguete National High School.
OUTPUT OF THE STUDY
The Department of Education (DepEd) is geared towards the transformation of education through the DepEd Computerization Program (DCP) as stipulated in DepEd Order 78, s. 2010. DCP aimed to provide public schools with appropriate technologies that would enhance the teaching-learning process and meet the challenges of the 21st century. This program should respond to the computer backlog of public schools by providing them hardware and software, and training on simple trouble shooting and software applications of E-Classroom equipment.
This survey helps the program and specifically would enhance the existing 7X9 Meter E-Classroom of Dalaguete National High School at Poblacion, Dalaguete, Cebu for responding the need of students in the present generation. The output of this research would be the 9X18 Meter Enhanced E-Classroom Model for the Junior High School. This is a huge dimension of the floor plan considering that there are areas to be installed such as Distance Learning Area, Quality Control Area, Practical Work Area, Learning Resource Area, Contextual Learning Area, Institutional Assessment Area, Trainers’ Resource Area with three (3) fire exits. There should be 25 additional computers, eight (8) tables, one (1) projector to be installed inside the Enhanced E-Classroom Model. Electronic White Board and CCTV package should also be installed. The research was a good model but this wouldn’t be as good as what the researcher desired if the school would not find ways and means to allocate enough funds for the renovation of the building and for the purchase of the needed resources and additional equipment to be installed in the Enhanced E-Classroom of Dalaguete NHS. This Enhanced E-Classroom should be the center of skills trainings and national assessments of the future K to 12 students and graduates.
And based on the results of this survey, the researcher determined the needed competency training for teachers in using the E-Classroom equipment and its software in order for them to be very competent in handling classes with the help of technology. And the more that they would be very competent in teaching if the school provided the right and upgraded equipment and facilities to be used for their computer assisted instructions. The administrator would be empowered to procure the needed materials, peripherals and devices for repair, maintenance and replacement. And the Parent Teacher Association (PTA) could harmonize and set plans to enhance the E-Classroom of Dalaguete NHS.
Renovate the 9X18 Enhanced E-Classroom Model as reflected in the layout;
Procure additional ICT devices, hardware and software as reflected in the Template for Inventory of Training Resources;
Conduct professional development as reflected in the Training Matrix;
Comply requirements for adopt-a-school program from Non-Governmental Organization (NGO); and
Pass a resolution requesting the Local Government Unit (LGU) to construct the 9X18 meter 1 classroom building for the Enhanced E-Classroom Model at Dalaguete National High School.
Scheme of Implementation
The implementation of the proposed training program varies depending on the availability of time of the teachers. The conduct of the training during summer vacation is highly recommended.
The realization of the proposed output of the study entitled Enhanced E-Classroom Model for Junior High School would substantiate to the procurement of additional materials, devices, equipment, and accessories prior to the conduct of the training for teachers that this might vary depending on the availability of funds and the top priorities set by the standard operating procedures of the school through the guidelines of Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses (MOOE) to be utilized and liquidated every month.